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Poster

Controlled Modification on Wood via SI-ATRP

Sunday (01.01.2040)
00:00 - 21:35
Part of:
Line-Up:
- Poster The versatile usage of wrinkled surfaces 1 Bernhard Alexander Glatz
- Poster Penguin feather mimicking oil infused elastomer for anti-icing property 1 Dipl.-Ing. Nguyen Thanh-Binh
- Poster Radiation-based methods for surface modification of supramolecular peptide fibrils 0 Juhaina Bandak
- Poster Investigation of crack propagation of hierarchically structured ceramic materials on different length scales using bending tests 1 Cecilia Müller
- Poster Tobacco mosaic virus disks, preparation of samples to investigate mineralization by low voltage electron microscopy 1 Dr. Sabine Eiben
- Poster Deformation of Liquid-Liquid Phase Boundary as Template for Novel Surface Structured Polymer Particles and Coatings 1 Helena vom Stein
- Poster Sclerenchymatic tissue in Banksia follicles – The effect of moisture on dimensional and mechanical properties 1 Friedrich Reppe
- Poster Reconstructing in-situ nanofibrillar orientation and mechanics in arthropod cuticle using X-ray diffraction modelling 1 Ph.D. Yanhong Wang
- Poster Structural origins of morphing in plant tissues 1 Prof. Dr. Hanoch Daniel Wagner
- Poster What is the effect of cell network topology on the poro-elastic properties of bone? 1 Alexander van Tol
- Poster The fibrillar-level mechanisms of mutability in echinoderm connective tissue analysed using in situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering 1 Dr. Himadri Shikhar Gupta
- Poster Growing bone-like tissues on negative Gaussian curvature surfaces 1 Prof. Dr. John Dunlop
- Poster Gradient porous materials for reliable structured adhesives 1 Ph.D. Di Tan
- Poster Transfer of surface properties of wheat leaves to technical surfaces 1 Miriam Huth
- Poster Damping Behaviour of Bioinspired and Natural Fibre Composites 1 Wilhelm Woigk
- Poster Cancer cells biomineralize ionic gold into nanoparticles-microplates via secreting defense proteins with specific gold-binding peptides 1 Dr. Ajay Vikram Singh
- Poster Microstructural Assessment of Calvarial Fusion in Mice of Different Ages and its Biomechanical Implications 1 Dr. Junning Chen
- Poster Diffusion-limited electroless silver reduction on copper for "porous monocrystal" 1 Dr. Nikolay Ryzhkov
- Poster Multiscale simulations of directed spider dragline silk self-assembly by flow 1 Dipl.-Ing. Ana Herrera
- Poster Inspirational Multiscale Natural Structures 1 Dr. XiaoMeng Sui
- Poster The Exoskeleton of Scorpions: from Structure to Mechanical Function 1 Israel Kellersztein
- Poster Investigating the multilayer fiber-reinforced structure of the wood cell using computer simulations and additive manufacturing 1 Laura Zorzetto
- Poster Light guided 3D-structuring of EPS produced by red algae 1 Moritz Klotz
- Poster Structural optimization of biopolymer composite Cottonid by variation of manufacturing parameters 1 Matthias Langhansl
- Poster Biomineralization of Materials made of Engineered Spider Silk Proteins 1 Vanessa Wicklein
- Poster Micro-Ikebana by Biomimetic Crystallization of Alkaline Earth Carbonates 1 Shota Kobayashi
- Poster Bioinspired hairy surfaces 0 Stefan Müllers
- Poster Reagent-free modification of bio-hydrogels by electron irradiation towards biomedical applications 1 Stefanie Riedel
- Poster Controlled Modification on Wood via SI-ATRP 1 Marta Vidiella del Blanco
- Poster Plant Biomimetics: Surface-Structured Pollen Particles and Transparent Flower Petals 1 Prof. Dr. Olaf Karthaus
- Poster Coupling of polymers to tobacco mosaic virus: towards the production of amphiphilic virus tubes 1 Dr. Sabine Eiben
- Poster Mechanical stable sulfobetainc Hydrogels - A candidate for biomedical application 1 Ramona Bianca Jasmin Ihlenburg
- Poster Structuring V2O5 Nanocomposites to Adapt the Sponge Spicules’ Architecture 1 Achim Diem
- Poster Fibers, Yarns and Non-Woven Meshes – Tough Morphologies Made of Recombinant Spider Silk Proteins 1 Fabian Müller
- Poster Recombinant Spider Silk-based Hybrid Materials for Advanced Energy Technology 1 Tamara Aigner
- Poster Bio-mediated materials syntheses 1 Dr. Daniel Van Opdenbosch
- Poster Design of Biomimetic Thin Coatings Composed of Cellulose Beta-Nanocrystals for Epitaxial Crystallization and Coassembly of 1D Nanoparticles 0 Dipl.-Ing. Zihao Lu
- Poster Seeded Mineralization Leads to Prismatic-Type CaCO3 Thin Coatings with Multiple Structural Functions 0 Ming Li
- Poster Multifunctional Layered Magnetic Composites 1 Christian Debus
- Poster Cuttlebone-inspired Structures for Mechanical Damping 1 Dipl.-Ing. Andrea Knöller

Session P.1: Poster discussion evening
Belongs to:
Session P: Poster Presentation


Wood is a widely available biological material, which can be used for a wide range of applications. Besides its excellent mechanical properties, wood possesses a peculiar hierarchical and porous structure designed for fluid transport in the living tree. The natural origin of wood comes with its advantages (readily available scaffold for different applications, highly abundant, and sustainable) and drawbacks (high variability in its structure and chemical composition). The latter represents a challenge when a good control over the desired modification is needed.


SI-ATRP is a type of radical polymerization, which enables control over the distribution and size of the grafted polymer chains. It has been used to modify various materials. Cabane et al. have shown that wood can be modified by in-situ grafting of synthetic polymers enhancing the natural properties of wood [1]. SI-ATRP consists of two steps. Firstly, a macroinitiator is formed by reacting α-Bromoisobutyryl bromide (BiBB) with the available hydroxyl groups present in the wood structure. Secondly, the polymer is grafted from the BiBB covalently bonded to the wood. It is crucial to control the distribution of the BiBB in the first step in order to be able to grow polymer chains in the desired location within the wood structure.


To control the position of the grafted-polymers into the wood structure, we investigated the utilization of various solvents possessing different wood swelling capabilities. When a good wood-swelling solvent is used (e.g. pyridine or DMF), reagents can be easily transported inside the cell wall and reacted with the hydroxyl groups from the wood biopolymers. Conversely, when a bad solvent is used (e.g. dichloromethane) the diffusion of reagents inside the cell wall is limited and the reaction essentially takes place at the cell wall surface (interface with the lumen). Based on the initial localization of the ATRP initiator, we are able to govern the subsequent grafting of polymer chains inside the wood structure.


Enabling better control over the location of the functionalization in the complex wood structure will not only allow for a more efficient use of reactants, but it will also allow for a selective or targeted modification, which is an essential requirement in the design of advanced materials.

Speaker:
Additional Authors:
  • Dr. Etienne Cabane
    ETH Zürich
  • Dr. Tobias Keplinger
    ETH Zürich