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Poster

Reconstructing in-situ nanofibrillar orientation and mechanics in arthropod cuticle using X-ray diffraction modelling

Sunday (01.01.2040)
00:00 - 21:33
Part of:
Line-Up:
- Poster The versatile usage of wrinkled surfaces 1 Bernhard Alexander Glatz
- Poster Penguin feather mimicking oil infused elastomer for anti-icing property 1 Dipl.-Ing. Nguyen Thanh-Binh
- Poster Radiation-based methods for surface modification of supramolecular peptide fibrils 0 Juhaina Bandak
- Poster Investigation of crack propagation of hierarchically structured ceramic materials on different length scales using bending tests 1 Cecilia Müller
- Poster Tobacco mosaic virus disks, preparation of samples to investigate mineralization by low voltage electron microscopy 1 Dr. Sabine Eiben
- Poster Deformation of Liquid-Liquid Phase Boundary as Template for Novel Surface Structured Polymer Particles and Coatings 1 Helena vom Stein
- Poster Sclerenchymatic tissue in Banksia follicles – The effect of moisture on dimensional and mechanical properties 1 Friedrich Reppe
- Poster Reconstructing in-situ nanofibrillar orientation and mechanics in arthropod cuticle using X-ray diffraction modelling 1 Ph.D. Yanhong Wang
- Poster Structural origins of morphing in plant tissues 1 Prof. Dr. Hanoch Daniel Wagner
- Poster What is the effect of cell network topology on the poro-elastic properties of bone? 1 Alexander van Tol
- Poster The fibrillar-level mechanisms of mutability in echinoderm connective tissue analysed using in situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering 1 Dr. Himadri Shikhar Gupta
- Poster Growing bone-like tissues on negative Gaussian curvature surfaces 1 Prof. Dr. John Dunlop
- Poster Gradient porous materials for reliable structured adhesives 1 Ph.D. Di Tan
- Poster Transfer of surface properties of wheat leaves to technical surfaces 1 Miriam Huth
- Poster Damping Behaviour of Bioinspired and Natural Fibre Composites 1 Wilhelm Woigk
- Poster Cancer cells biomineralize ionic gold into nanoparticles-microplates via secreting defense proteins with specific gold-binding peptides 1 Dr. Ajay Vikram Singh
- Poster Microstructural Assessment of Calvarial Fusion in Mice of Different Ages and its Biomechanical Implications 1 Dr. Junning Chen
- Poster Diffusion-limited electroless silver reduction on copper for "porous monocrystal" 1 Dr. Nikolay Ryzhkov
- Poster Multiscale simulations of directed spider dragline silk self-assembly by flow 1 Dipl.-Ing. Ana Herrera
- Poster Inspirational Multiscale Natural Structures 1 Dr. XiaoMeng Sui
- Poster The Exoskeleton of Scorpions: from Structure to Mechanical Function 1 Israel Kellersztein
- Poster Investigating the multilayer fiber-reinforced structure of the wood cell using computer simulations and additive manufacturing 1 Laura Zorzetto
- Poster Light guided 3D-structuring of EPS produced by red algae 1 Moritz Klotz
- Poster Structural optimization of biopolymer composite Cottonid by variation of manufacturing parameters 1 Matthias Langhansl
- Poster Biomineralization of Materials made of Engineered Spider Silk Proteins 1 Vanessa Wicklein
- Poster Micro-Ikebana by Biomimetic Crystallization of Alkaline Earth Carbonates 1 Shota Kobayashi
- Poster Bioinspired hairy surfaces 0 Stefan Müllers
- Poster Reagent-free modification of bio-hydrogels by electron irradiation towards biomedical applications 1 Stefanie Riedel
- Poster Controlled Modification on Wood via SI-ATRP 1 Marta Vidiella del Blanco
- Poster Plant Biomimetics: Surface-Structured Pollen Particles and Transparent Flower Petals 1 Prof. Dr. Olaf Karthaus
- Poster Coupling of polymers to tobacco mosaic virus: towards the production of amphiphilic virus tubes 1 Dr. Sabine Eiben
- Poster Mechanical stable sulfobetainc Hydrogels - A candidate for biomedical application 1 Ramona Bianca Jasmin Ihlenburg
- Poster Structuring V2O5 Nanocomposites to Adapt the Sponge Spicules’ Architecture 1 Achim Diem
- Poster Fibers, Yarns and Non-Woven Meshes – Tough Morphologies Made of Recombinant Spider Silk Proteins 1 Fabian Müller
- Poster Recombinant Spider Silk-based Hybrid Materials for Advanced Energy Technology 1 Tamara Aigner
- Poster Bio-mediated materials syntheses 1 Dr. Daniel Van Opdenbosch
- Poster Design of Biomimetic Thin Coatings Composed of Cellulose Beta-Nanocrystals for Epitaxial Crystallization and Coassembly of 1D Nanoparticles 0 Dipl.-Ing. Zihao Lu
- Poster Seeded Mineralization Leads to Prismatic-Type CaCO3 Thin Coatings with Multiple Structural Functions 0 Ming Li
- Poster Multifunctional Layered Magnetic Composites 1 Christian Debus
- Poster Cuttlebone-inspired Structures for Mechanical Damping 1 Dipl.-Ing. Andrea Knöller

Session P.1: Poster discussion evening
Belongs to:
Session P: Poster Presentation


It is technically challenging, but critically important, to calculate the in situ 3D nano- and microscale strain and reorientation patterns in hierarchical nanocomposite materials. Doing so can illuminate the mechanisms enabling multiple functional optimization in biological composites, as well as test the functionality of bioinspired materials. Here we developed a novel 3D nanofibrillar orientation reconstruction method to determine deformation mechanisms at the nano- and microscale in stomatopod cuticle - a material adapted for high dynamic mechanical resistance - which combines synchrotron microbeam X-ray diffraction with in situ deformation and fibre-composite theory. Stomatopod cuticle consists of mineralized chitin nanofibers in a mineral and protein matrix, assembled in the form of parallel plywood (Bouligand) layers and interpenetrating pore-canals at the microscale. The angularly-resolved in situ deformation and reorientation of chitin nanofibers at different strain rates were studied. We revealed anisotropic deformation inside Bouligand lamellae, non-monotonic response of fibre strain with increasing strain rate, spatial gradients in fibre strain on flexion, accompanied by load-induced fibre reorientation. Our nanostrain and orientation reconstruction technique, depending only on molecular-level fibre symmetry, can be applied generally to determine the in situ dynamics of both natural and synthetic hierarchical nanocomposites.

Speaker:
Ph.D. Yanhong Wang
Queen Mary University of London
Additional Authors:
  • Paolino-De Falco
    Queen Mary University of London
  • Dr. Yi Zhang
    Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
  • Dr. Ettore Barbieri
    Queen Mary University of London
  • Prof. Dr. Oskar Paris
    Montanuniversitaet Leoben
  • Dr. Nicholas J. Terrill
    Harwell Science and Innovation Campus
  • Dr. Gerald Falkenberg
    Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
  • Prof. Dr. Nicola M. Pugno
    University of Trento
  • Dr. Himadri S. Gupta
    Queen Mary University of London

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